UN says better protections needed from mine water disasters

Posted: Updated:
(AP Photo/Leo Correa, file). FILE - In this Oct. 13, 2016, file photo,  a cow skull is wired to a fence post in front of a hamlet destroyed by a mudslide triggered by the Nov. 5, 2015 failing of a dam holding back a giant pond of mine waste in Paracatu... (AP Photo/Leo Correa, file). FILE - In this Oct. 13, 2016, file photo, a cow skull is wired to a fence post in front of a hamlet destroyed by a mudslide triggered by the Nov. 5, 2015 failing of a dam holding back a giant pond of mine waste in Paracatu...
(Geoff Liesik/The Deseret News via AP, file). FILE - In this Aug. 11, 2015 file aerial photo, waste water continues to stream out of the Gold King Mine near Silverton, Colo. The UN environment program says a string of mining waste disasters — some dead... (Geoff Liesik/The Deseret News via AP, file). FILE - In this Aug. 11, 2015 file aerial photo, waste water continues to stream out of the Gold King Mine near Silverton, Colo. The UN environment program says a string of mining waste disasters — some dead...
(Jerry McBride/The Durango Herald via AP, file). FILE - In this Aug. 6, 2015 file photo, Dan Bender, with the La Plata County Sheriff's Office, takes a water sample from the Animas River near Durango, Colo. The UN environment program says a string of m... (Jerry McBride/The Durango Herald via AP, file). FILE - In this Aug. 6, 2015 file photo, Dan Bender, with the La Plata County Sheriff's Office, takes a water sample from the Animas River near Durango, Colo. The UN environment program says a string of m...

By MATTHEW BROWN
Associated Press

BILLINGS, Mont. (AP) - A string of mining waste disasters - some deadly - over the past decade show better protections are needed for communities downstream of massive polluted material storage sites, according to a United Nations report.

The UN Environment Program report tallied 40 significant mine waste accidents in the past decade. Most involved dams or other storage areas that failed, releasing torrents of polluted water.

Among the accidents highlighted by the agency were a 2015 dam collapse at a Brazilian iron-ore mine that killed 19 people and the Gold King Mine disaster in the U.S. that spilled pollution into rivers in three Western states.

Although the rate of such accidents has been falling, the report warned that the consequences have grown more serious as waste impoundments get larger. The iron-ore mine accident in Samarco, Brazil, for example, released some 40 million cubic meters (52 million cubic yards) of waste that polluted hundreds of miles of rivers and streams.

The UNEP recommended governments and mining companies adopt a "zero-failure" goal for mining impoundments known as tailings dams and impose stronger regulations.

There are an estimated 30,000 industrial mines worldwide and hundreds of thousands of abandoned mines that continue spewing pollution for decades after they've closed.

Advocacy groups said in response to this week's UNEP report that 341 people have been killed by mine waste accidents since 2008.

Waste storage sites are "like ticking time bombs," said Payal Sampat with the U.S.-based group Earthworks, adding that governments and the mining industry have done too little to prevent accidents.

The International Council on Mining and Metals last year issued new safety guidelines that said catastrophic mine waste impoundment failures were unacceptable. The group called on companies to use construction methods and operating practices that minimize the chances of accidents.

The 2015 Gold King accident in southern Colorado occurred at an inactive mine where polluted water had been accumulating for years before a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency crew accidentally released it during cleanup work.

Luke Popovich with the National Mining Association in Washington, D.C., said the UNEP recommendations don't apply to Gold King because it was caused by a government agency and not a mining company.

The EPA last year proposed new rules that would require companies to show they have the financial wherewithal to clean up pollution from shuttered mines. New EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt put the proposal on hold after President Donald Trump took office.

___

Follow Matthew Brown on Twitter at www.twitter.com/matthewbrownap .

Copyright 2017 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

sorry to interrupt
your first 20 are free
Access to News 12 is free for Optimum, Comcast®, Time Warner® and Service ElectricSM customers.
Please enjoy 20 complimentary views of articles, photos, and videos during the next 30 days.
you have reached your 5 view limit
Access to News 12 is free for Optimum, Comcast®, Time Warner® and Service ElectricSM customers.
Please login, create an account or subscribe to continue enjoying News12.
Our sign-up page is undergoing maintenance and is not currently available. However, you will be given direct access to news12.com while we complete our upgrade.
When we are back up and running you will be prompted at that time to complete your sign in. Until then, enjoy the local news, weather, traffic and more that's "as local as local news gets."