10 tips to help prevent conflicts between people and coyotes

Coyotes may become more territorial during the breeding and pup-rearing season, which in the tri-state area runs from January through March. This time increases the risk for potential conflicts with people and pets. 
The Eastern coyote is found in many habitats, from rural farmland and forests to populated suburban and urban areas across the tristate. 
The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) has the following tips to help prevent conflicts between people and coyotes:
1. Do not feed coyotes.
2. Do not leave food outside. Pet food and garbage attract coyotes and other wildlife, and increase risks to people and pets. Do not feed pets outside. Prevent access to garbage. Fence or enclose compost piles. Eliminate availability of bird seed. Concentrations of birds and rodents that come to feeders can attract coyotes.
3. Do not allow coyotes to approach people or pets. If you see a coyote, be aggressive in your behavior: stand tall and hold your arms up or out to look as large as possible. If a coyote lingers for too long, make loud noises, wave your arms and throw sticks and stones.
4. Teach children to appreciate coyotes from a distance.
5. Do not allow pets to run free. Supervise outdoor pets to keep them safe from coyotes and other wildlife, especially at sunset and at night. Small dogs and cats are especially vulnerable.
6. Fence yards to deter coyotes. The fence should be tight to the ground, preferably extending six inches below ground level and taller than four feet.
7. Remove brush and tall grass from around homes to reduce protective cover for coyotes. Coyotes are typically secretive and like areas where they can hide.
8. Contact the local police department and local environmental department for assistance if coyotes exhibit bold behaviors and have little or no fear of people, or if seen repeatedly during the daytime in a human-populated area or near residences. Seeing a coyote occasionally throughout the year is not evidence of bold behavior.
9. Ask neighbors to also follow these steps to prevent coyote conflicts. 
10. If confronted, stand tall, and hold arms out to look large. If a coyote lingers for too long, then make loud noises, wave your arms, throw sticks and stones. Do not run away, running away after seeing a coyote is behaving like prey.